Legal Chapters of the First Soviet Tatar Alphabet Book for Adults as Part of an Educational Project and a Tool for Political Indoctrination

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Dilyara Galiullina
Alla Salnikova


One of the meanings of law is: "The set of regulations that govern individuals, because they are in society. Man is a social being and should live among his peers. Every person who lives in the community fulfills his desires and needs with their cooperation. From the beginning, a wise man recognized well that the survival of his society is not possible with chaos and coercion, and he must have rules governing the relations of individuals, from the point of view of being members of the society, and today we call the sum of these rules "laws". In this way, although different legal schools have differences in determining the basis of rights and laws, they firmly believe in the minimalism and maximalism of morality in relation to law, and as a common feature of all, they emphasize the effective role of morality on law. But familiarity with legal concepts and its generalization in the society requires proper education more than anything else. Therefore, with the revelation of the close relationship that exists between legal and moral foundations, it should be known that one of the important issues related to law education is how it can be taught in order to witness its correct implementation in the society and its recognition in educational books. In this article we consider the first adult Soviet-Tatar alphabet books, published in the Arabic graphics since the first decade of the USSR existence till the Tatar alphabet Latinization in 1927. Those alphabet books were of a mass publication in 1920th during the beginning of a large-scale illiteracy liquidation campaign, held in the USSR. The books were fulfilled with “ideal” soviet characters and “illustrative” Soviet pictures and resolved pedagogical, educational and agitational objectives. Thus, illiteracy training successfully coexisted with political indoctrination. Methodologically, the main attention was paid to the “Bolshevism language” transcription that was presented in texts and illustrations. There was also shown the specificity of the educational publications based on a special age and a special ethno-confessional and ethno-cultural target audience. The evolution of such alphabet books of 1920th is considered in terms of its content and structure, so the alphabet books, focused on various categories of the adult Tatar population: workers, peasants, Red Army men; are considered as well. A special emphasis was placed on the presentation of the “external” and “internal” Soviet government enemy image and the defense of the socialist Fatherland in Tatar alphabet-books texts and illustrations for adults. The authors revealed the correlation of political agitation and myth-making elements on pages of the alphabet books with the realities of the country’s political life, as well as came to the conclusion about the importance of Tatar alphabet books for adults to solve primary nationwide tasks of quick acculturation Soviet people of all ages and nationalities and of a new Soviet ideology implementation into their consciousness.


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Galiullina, D. ., & Salnikova, A. . (2022). Legal Chapters of the First Soviet Tatar Alphabet Book for Adults as Part of an Educational Project and a Tool for Political Indoctrination. BiLD Law Journal, 7(3s), 97–101. Retrieved from