The Legal and Political Confrontation between the Safavids and the Shaibanis in the Legal Structure of Transoxiana
Main Article Content
By studying comparative law from the oldest written law to the development of comparative law, one can gain the important legal experiences of countries, and by studying those works, one can apply the same experienced laws according to the necessary conditions in the country in question. Because the events of history are considered as a connected chain and the previous events are the origin of the subsequent events, it is not possible to divide the history of relations between nations into historical periods. But in order to facilitate the study of historical events, they have inevitably separated historical periods so that one can easily comment on historical phenomena. Described is the military, political and social situation in Transoxiana and Khorasan during the invasion of nomadic Uzbeks on the one hand and the offensive of Safavids on the other hand. It is the intention of the author to show the fall of the Timurid state and encroachment by Uzbek nomadic tribes on their possessions. The role of the Islamic religion in the unfolding political events is researched. The relevance of the topic is as follows. The emerging social and political situation in the area is giving rise once again to the idea of an “Islamic Caliphate”. Thus, this idea, under favourable historical conditions and successful organizational and ideological activities of the parties concerned, will once again arouse the minds and moods of certain categories of people. Recent events in Syria and Iraq attest to this.