The Role of the Legal System in the Transfer of Cultural-Historical Heritage
Main Article Content
In general, cultural heritage reveals the history, cultural, artistic and scientific background, historical works, customs and traditions of nations, etc., to the extent that it should undoubtedly be considered as a human right among the examples of human cultural rights. recognized and worked towards its protection. In fact, it is the right of the people of every country to properly protect the cultural heritage of their ancestors, that is why the need to protect these works has crystallized as a national and global concern in the legal system of every country. In this regard, the country's legal system, especially the constitution, according to the importance and necessity of protecting cultural heritage, has stipulated in various principles of the constitution such as Government buildings and properties that are national treasures. Although the aforementioned principle does not explicitly mention cultural heritage, it can be said that it addresses one of the cultural rights of the people against the government, i.e. the right to protect the country's cultural and spiritual heritage. The article examines the role of traditions in the transfer of cultural and historical heritage, analyzes the issue of the relationship between tradition and innovation in the modern era. The authors focus on the problem of lack of interest in the preservation of folk art, in the formation of a value attitude towards the cultural and historical heritage of the younger generation. To solve this problem, it is necessary to immerse young people in creative activities, organize various events that will help arouse interest in preserving the heritage of previous generations. The article focuses on national culture in the modern world. It is necessary to understand what traditions are in our time and whether such a concept as a "national trait" remains. First of all, it must be borne in mind that customs, holidays, national cuisine, national costume can act as traditions. After all, not a single culture of any of the peoples could have survived to this day if there were no methods of its transmission from generation to generation. Over the course of time, various types of such data transmission have developed: rituals, ceremonies and customs.