Protection And Promotion of Rights of Tribes in India: A Case Study on Kain Tribe

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Sussana Maharana
Prof. Kirti Bikram
Ms. Karthiayani
Dr. Radhika Jagtap


The violation of the rights of Indian tribes has been the issue of the hour. We have researched those issues keeping in light the spite of the Kanikaran or Kani Tribe of southern India, who represent similar Indian tribes and highlight the factors contributing to deprivation of their basic Human rights. This study aimed to identify issues constituting human rights violations among the tribes and analyse the legislative and judicial contribution to protection and promotion of rights of Tribal. The research has been conducted using doctrinal and descriptive methods wherein the statutes, reports, journals etc. have been the sources of the data so analysed. The research has shown problems that endanger tribals human rights such as the threat of displacement violating their right to adequate livelihood, inadequacies in implementation of laws violating their rights of being protected from injustices, and poor health and sanitation facilities violating their right to live in a clean and healthy environment. In the legal regime, both at the national and international level, there is need to frame laws and policies while considering the opinion of the Tribals themselves in order to make it favourable to them. The research's scope can be seen in the light of academic purpose and knowledge contribution while it also suffers from limitations such as its lack of primary data and subjective interpretation. This research shall help us identify threats to tribals in India amounting to human rights violations and suggest the way forward, but it is also subjective and, therefore, can be interpreted through a different perspective concerning the research questions mentioned in this study

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Maharana, S. ., Bikram, P. K. ., Karthiayani , M. ., & Jagtap, D. R. . (2022). Protection And Promotion of Rights of Tribes in India: A Case Study on Kain Tribe. BiLD Law Journal, 7(4s), 97–104. Retrieved from