Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection in Bangladesh: Challenges and Opportunities
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In 1992, more than 170 countries came together at the Rio Earth Summit and agreed to pursue sustainable development, protect biological diversity, prevent dangerous interference with climate systems, and conserve forests. It is mandatory for a country to keep balance between development process and environmental pollution level. This idea is known as sustainable development. Bangladesh is already in the process of becoming a developing Country it is expected that she will go through a massive development phase in the next twenty to thirty years. Several researches showed that rapid development process affects the ecosystem and environment. To minimize that pollution level all over the world, countries have implemented sustainable development idea and made it mandatory to follow sustainable development plans by introducing and implementing laws. Bangladesh is no difference and there are several Laws, Plans related to environmental protection and sustainable developments like The Brick Manufacturing and Brick Kilns Establishment (Control) Act 2013, The Wildlife (Preservation and Safety) Act, 2012, Bangladesh Water Act, 2013. The idea behind enacting these laws was to minimize environmental pollution without slowing the development process. But it is a matter of great concern that pollution level in Bangladesh is increasing day by day especially the water and air pollution. In this paper I will try to find out why hasn‘t Bangladesh become much more environmentally sustainable despite decades of international agreements and national policies and are the opportunities and challenges of sustainable development under Bangladeshi laws and policy framework.