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Peatland management policies in Indonesia have long been carried out by local communities in various regions wisely and local policies that preserve nature. However, along with the rapid population growth followed by an increase in the need for land and other natural resources, the opening and management of peatlands in Indonesia are currently being carried out extensively and continuously so that many peatlands are presently being converted into other uses such as settlements and land use. oil palm plantations. The use of peatlands is very closely related to government policies in restoring timber forests, transmigration and human settlements, and expanding agricultural land. The usual practice is deforestation, followed by constructing canals or drainage channels to exacerbate the water trapped in the peatlands. The current method of conversion and use of peatlands has more economic value. It is often carried out offensively without considering peat's hydrological and ecological possibilities. The results showed that forest and land fires in Indonesia were more common in community plantations, and the rest happened in company plantations. Implementation of inter-organizational networks in forest and land fire control in Indonesia in the form of standards and objectives, resource policies, inter-organizational communication, and disposition (characteristics of implementing agencies). This research recommends controlling forest and land fires in Indonesia, from prevention and extinguishing to post-fire recovery. The local Government massively socializes land clearing by burning to clear land without burning, as well as providing facilities and infrastructure for prevention, control, and prevention. Repair after forest and land fires.