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This paper discusses the relevance of the death penalty for perpetrators of severe crimes in the legal and socio-political context in Indonesia. Many studies have been conducted to find common ground between the death penalty and serious crimes. However, no research discusses the death penalty for the perpetrators, which is considered severe in Indonesia's legal and socio-political context. To address this issue, the researcher has conducted a literature search on several sources of relevant data and information to address legal and political issues and the death penalty for serious criminals. After receiving approximately 50 material hats, both books and scientific papers, the researcher examines, evaluates, and interprets the data to be able to draw conclusions and answer problems. Discussion proves that the death penalty still applies to several crimes, such as premeditated murder for severe drug cases and terrorism. The death penalty is sentenced to protect the public from the actions of those evil people. Thus, hopefully, these results will be helpful for both academicians and policymakers in the future.