Main Article Content
In the Central Asian region, historical and contemporary factors form the basis on which human trafficking can emerge and flourish: taken together, they constitute a favorable context. However, until now, the legal doctrine has practically not paid attention to the genesis of slavery in the countries of Central Asia, since slavery did not cover the broad masses (mostly prisoners of war were slaves), which does not give the right to speculate about the existence of a slave-owning formation here. Nevertheless, the existence of the institution of slavery in the countries of Central Asia is confirmed by historical studies, the study of which allows us to trace the evolution of this phenomenon. In this connection, the presented article contains an analysis of both the history of slavery and trafficking, and the current state of protection of individual rights in the field of combating human trafficking, as well as the use of technology by criminals to commit this type of crime. The relevance of the study is due to the fact that human trafficking is one of the most brutal violations of human rights in society, which, despite the efforts of States to prevent them, are increasingly becoming the object of criminal chronicles. Regardless of the purpose, human trafficking encroaches on the freedom of the individual, enshrined both in national legislation and in international legal documents, having a transnational character. The article gives a positive assessment of the progress achieved, as well as focuses on some problematic aspects, the solution of which will improve the situation in combating human trafficking and increase the effectiveness of human rights protection in Central Asian countries. It is concluded that it is necessary for States to give priority attention to the recommendations proposed in the article for positive dynamics in the fight against human trafficking. This manuscript serves as a call for more research and reports that will historicize human trafficking. This will not only close a significant gap in our understanding of how modern human trafficking works but also act as a call to experts, decision makers, and academics to use a historical-legal approach to improve their work.